• CHAPTER9
    ROOF ASSEMBLIES

    SECTIONR901
    GENERAL

    R901.1Scope.

    The provisions of this chapter shall govern the design, materials, construction and quality of roof assemblies.

    Exception: Buildings and structures located within the High-Velocity Hurricane Zone shall comply with the provisions of Chapter 44.

    SECTIONR902
    FIRE CLASSIFICATION

    R902.1Roofing covering materials.

    Roofs shall be covered with materials as set forth in Sections R904 and R905. Class A, B or C roofing shall be installed in jurisdictions designated by law as requiring their use or where the edge of the roof is less than 3 feet (914 mm) from a lot line. Class A, B and C roofing required by this section to be listed shall be tested in accordance with UL 790 or ASTM E108.

    Exceptions:

    1. 1.Class A roof assemblies include those with coverings of brick, masonry and exposed concrete roof deck.

    2. 2.Class A roof assemblies include ferrous or copper shingles or sheets, metal sheets and shingles, clay or concrete roof tile, or slate installed on noncombustible decks.

    3. 3.Class A roof assemblies include minimum 16 ounces per square foot copper sheets installed over combustible decks.

    R902.2Fire-retardant-treated shingles and shakes.

    Fire-retardant-treated wood shakes and shingles shall be treated by impregnation with chemicals by the full-cell vacuum-pressure process, in accordance with AWPA C1. Each bundle shall be marked to identify the manufactured unit and the manufacturer, and shall be labeled to identify the classification of the material in accordance with the testing required in Section R902.1, the treating company and the quality control agency.

    R902.3Building-integrated photovoltaic product.

    Reserved.

    R902.4Rooftop-mounted photovoltaic panels and modules.

    Reserved.

    SECTIONR903
    WEATHER PROTECTION

    R903.1General.

    Roof decks shall be covered with approved roof coverings secured to the building or structure in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. Roof assemblies shall be designed and installed in accordance with this code and the approved manufacturer’s installation instructions such that the roof assembly shall serve to protect the building or structure.

    R903.2Flashing.

    Flashings shall be used to seal roofing systems, where the system is interrupted or terminated and shall be installed in a manner that prevents moisture from entering the wall and roof through joints in copings, through moisture permeable materials and at intersections with parapet walls and other penetrations through the roof plane.

    R903.2.1Locations.

    Flashings shall be installed at wall and roof intersections, wherever there is a change in roof slope or direction and around roof openings. Where flashing is of metal, the metal shall be corrosion resistant with a thickness of not less than provided in Table R903.2.1 or in compliance with RAS 111.

    Exception: Flashing is not required at hip and ridge junctions.

    TABLE R903.2.1

    METAL FLASHING MATERIAL

    MATERIALGAGE MINIMUM THICKNESS(inches)GAGEWEIGHT (lbf)
    Copper0.0241 (16 oz)
    Aluminum0.024
    Stainless steel28
    Galvanized steel0.017926 (zinc coated G90)26 (zinc coated G90)
    Aluminum zinc coated steel0.017926 (AZ50 alum zinc)26 (AZ50\ alum zinc)
    Zinc alloy0.027
    Lead2.5 (40 oz.)
    Painted terne1.25 (20 oz.)

    R903.2.2Crickets and saddles.

    A cricket or saddle shall be installed on the ridge side of any chimney or penetration more than 30 inches (762 mm) wide as measured perpendicular to the slope. Cricket or saddle coverings shall be sheet metal or of the same material as the roof covering.

    Exception: Unit skylights installed in accordance with Section R308.6 and flashed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions shall be permitted to be installed without a cricket or saddle.

    R903.2.3Membrane flashings.

    All membrane flashing shall be installed according to the roof assembly manufacturer’s published literature.

    R903.3Coping.

    Parapet walls shall be properly coped with noncombustible, weatherproof materials of a width not less than the thickness of the parapet wall.

    R903.4Roof drainage.

    Unless roofs are sloped to drain over roof edges, roof drains shall be installed at each low point of the roof. Where required for roof drainage, scuppers shall be placed level with the roof surface in a wall or parapet. The scupper shall be located as determined by the roof slope and contributing roof area.

    R903.4.1Overflow drains and scuppers.

    When other means of drainage of overflow water is not provided, overflow scuppers shall be placed in walls or parapets not less than 2 inches (51 mm) nor more than 4 inches (102 mm) above the finished roof covering and shall be located as close as practical to required vertical leaders or downspouts or wall and parapet scuppers. An overflow scupper shall be sized in accordance with the Florida Building Code, Plumbing. Overflow drains shall discharge to an approved location and shall not be connected to roof drain lines.

    R903.4.2One and two family dwellings, and private garages.

    When gutters and leaders are placed on the outside of buildings, the gutters and leaders shall be constructed of metal or approved plastic for outdoor exposure with lapped, soldered or caulked joints and shall be securely fastened to the building with a corrosion resistant fastening device of similar or compatible material to the gutters and downspouts.

    SECTIONR904
    MATERIALS

    R904.1Scope.

    The requirements set forth in this section shall apply to the application of roof covering materials specified herein. Roof assemblies shall be applied in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s installation instructions. Installation of roof assemblies shall comply with the applicable provisions of Section R905.

    R904.2Compatibility of materials.

    Roof assemblies shall be of materials that are compatible with each other and with the building or structure to which the materials are applied.

    R904.3Material specifications and physical characteristics.

    Roof covering materials shall conform to the applicable standards listed in this chapter. In the absence of applicable standards or where materials are of questionable suitability, testing by an approved testing agency shall be required by the building official to determine the character, quality and limitations of application of the materials.

    R904.4Product identification.

    Roof covering materials shall be delivered in packages bearing the manufacturer’s identifying marks and approved testing agency labels required. Bulk shipments and/or site manufactured materials shall be accompanied by the same information or issued in the form of a certificate or on a bill of lading by the manufacturer.

    R904.5Fasteners.

    R904.5.1Nails.

    Nails shall be corrosion-resistant nails conforming to ASTM F1667 or an equal corrosion resistance by coating, electro galvanization, mechanical galvanization, hot dipped galvanization, stainless steel, nonferrous metal and alloys or other suitable corrosionresistant material, or corrosion resistance shall be demonstrated in accordance with TAS114, Appendix E.

    R904.5.2Screws.

    Wood screws shall conform to ANSI/ASME B 18.6.1. Screws shall be corrosion resistant by coating, galvanization, stainless steel, nonferrous metal or other suitable corrosion-resistant material. The corrosion resistance shall be demonstrated through one of the following methods:

    1. 1.Corrosion resistance equivalent to ASTM A641, Class 1;

    2. 2.Corrosion resistance in accordance with TAS 114, Appendix E;

    3. 3.Corrosion-resistant coating exhibiting not more than 5-percent red rust after 1000 hours exposure in accordance with ASTM B117.

    R904.5.3Clips.

    Clips shall be corrosion-resistant clips. The corrosion resistance shall meet 0.90 ounce per square foot (0.458 kg/m2) measured according ASTM A90/A90M, TAS 114 Appendix E or an equal corrosion resistance coating, electro galvanization, mechanical galvanization, hot dipped galvanization, stainless steel, nonferrous metals and alloys or other suitable corrosionresistant material. Stainless steel clips shall conform to ASTM A240/A240M, Type 304.

    SECTIONR905
    REQUIREMENTS FOR ROOF COVERINGS

    R905.1Roof covering application.

    Roof coverings shall be applied in accordance with the applicable provisions of this section and the manufacturer’s installation instructions. Unless otherwise specified in this section, roof coverings shall be installed to resist the component and cladding loads specified in Table R301.2(2), adjusted for height and exposure in accordance with Table R301.2(3).

    R905.1.1Underlayment.

    Unless otherwise noted underlayment for asphalt shingles, metal roof shingles, mineral-surfaced roll roofing, slate and slate-type shingles, wood shingles, wood shakes and metal roof panels shall conform to the applicable standards listed in this chapter. Underlayment materials required to comply with ASTM D226, D1970, D4869 and D6757 shall bear a label indicating compliance to the standard designation and, if applicable, type classification indicated in Table R905.1.1. Underlayment shall be applied and attached in accordance with Table R905.1.1.

    Exception: A reinforced synthetic underlayment that is approved as an alternate to underlayment complying with ASTM D226 Type II and having a minimum tear strength in accordance with ASTM D1970 or ASTM D4533 of 20 pounds shall be permitted. This underlayment shall be installed and attached in accordance with the underlayment attachment methods of Table R905.1.1 for the applicable roof covering and slope, except metal cap nails shall be required where the ultimate design wind speed, Vult, equals or exceeds 150 mph.

    Table R905.1.1(1) Underlayment Types.
    Reserved.

    TABLE R905.1.1

    UNDERLAYMENT TABLE

    Roof Covering SectionRoof Slope 2:12 and Less Than 4:12 UnderlaymentUnderlayment AttachmentaRoof Slope 4:12 and Greater UnderlaymentUnderlayment Attachmenta
    Asphalt shingles R905.2ASTM D226 Type I or II ASTM D4869 Type II, III or IV ASTM D67571ASTM D226 Type II ASTM D4869 Type IV ASTM D67572
    ASTM D19703ASTM D19703
    Concrete and Clay Tile R905.3See Section R905.3.3
    Metal roof shingles R905.4ASTM D226 Type I or II ASTM D4869 Type II, III or IV ASTM D67571ASTM D226 Type II ASTM D4869 Type IV2
    ASTM D19703ASTM D19703
    Mineral-surfaced roll roofing R905.5ASTM D226 Type I or II ASTM D4869 Type II, III or IV ASTM D67571ASTM D226 Type II ASTM D4869 Type IV2
    ASTM D19703ASTM D19703
    Slate and slate-type shingles R905.6ASTM D226 Type I or II ASTM D4869 Type II, III or IV ASTM D67571ASTM D226 Type II ASTM D4869 Type IV2
    ASTM D19703ASTM D19703
    Wood shingles R905.7ASTM D226 Type I or II ASTM D4869 Type II, III or IV1ASTM D226 Type II ASTM D4869 Type IV2
    Wood shakes R905.8Limited to roof slopes 4:12 and GreaterASTM D226 Type II ASTM D4869 Type IV2
    Metal roof panels R905.10ASTM D226 Type I or II ASTM D4869 Type II, III or IV ASTM D67571ASTM D226 Type II ASTM D4869 Type IV ASTM D67572
    ASTM D19703ASTM D19703
    Photovoltaic Shingles R905.17ASTM D226 Type I or II ASTM D4869 Type II, III or IV ASTM D67571ASTM D226 Type II ASTM D4869 Type IV ASTM D67572
    ASTM D19703ASTM D19703

    aUnderlayment Attachment

    1. 1.Roof slopes from two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (17-percent slope), and less than four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33-percent slope). Apply a 19-inch (483 mm) strip of underlayment felt parallel to and starting at the eaves, fastened sufficiently to hold in place. Starting at the eave, apply 36-inchwide (914 mm) sheets of underlayment, overlapping successive sheets 19 inches (483 mm), end laps shall be 6 inches and shall be offset by 6 feet. The underlayment shall be attached to a nailable deck with corrosion-resistant fasteners with one row centered in the field of the sheet with a maximum fastener spacing of 12 inches (305 mm) o.c., and one row at the end and side laps fastened 6 inches (152 mm) o.c. Underlayment shall be attached using metal or plastic cap nails with a nominal cap diameter of not less than 1 inch. Metal caps shall have a thickness of not less than 32-gage sheet metal. Power-driven metal caps shall have a minimum thickness of 0.010 inch. Minimum thickness of the outside edge of plastic caps shall be 0.035 inch. The cap nail shank shall be not less than 0.083 inch for ring shank cap nails and 0.091 inch for smooth shank cap nails. Cap nail shank shall have a length sufficient to penetrate through the roof sheathing or not less than 3/4 inch into the roof sheathing.

    2. 2.Roof slopes of four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33-percent slope) or greater. Underlayment shall be applied shingle fashion, parallel to and starting from the eave and lapped 4 inches (51 mm), end laps shall be 6 inches and shall be offset by 6 feet. The underlayment shall be attached to a nailable deck with two staggered rows in the field of the sheet with a maximum fastener spacing of 12 inches (305 mm) o.c., and one row at the end and side laps fastened 6 inches (152 mm) o.c. Underlayment shall be attached using metal or plastic cap nails with a nominal cap diameter of not less than 1 inch. Metal caps shall have a thickness of not less than 32-gage sheet metal. Power-driven metal caps shall have a minimum thickness of 0.010 inch. Minimum thickness of the outside edge of plastic caps shall be 0.035 inch. The cap nail shank shall be not less than 0.083 inch for ring shank cap nails and 0.091 inch for smooth shank cap nails. Cap nail shank shall have a length sufficient to penetrate through the roof sheathing or not less than 3/4 inch into the roof sheathing.

    3. 3.Roof slopes from two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (17-percent slope) and greater. The entire roof deck shall be covered with an approved self-adhering polymer modified bitumen underlayment complying with ASTM D1970 installed in accordance with both the underlayment manufacturer’s and roof covering manufacturer’s installation instructions for the deck material, roof ventilation configuration and climate exposure for the roof covering to be installed.

      Exception: A minimum 4-inch-wide (102 mm) strip of self-adhering polymer-modified bitumen membrane complying with ASTM D1970, installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions for the deck material, shall be applied over all joints in the roof decking. An approved underlayment in accordance with Table R905.1.1 for the applicable roof covering shall be applied over the entire roof over the 4-inch-wide (102 mm) membrane strips.

    Table R905.1.1(2) Underlayment Application.
    Reserved.

    Table R905.1.1(3) Underlayment Attachment.
    Reserved.

    R905.1.2Ice barriers.

    Reserved.

    R905.2Asphalt shingles.

    The installation of asphalt shingles shall comply with the provisions of this section or RAS 115.

    R905.2.1Sheathing requirements.

    Asphalt shingles shall be fastened to solidly sheathed decks.

    R905.2.2Slope.

    Asphalt shingles shall be used only on roof slopes of two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12) or greater. For roof slopes from two units vertical in 12 units horizontal (2:12) and less than four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (4:12), double underlayment application is required in accordance with Section R905.1.1.

    R905.2.3Underlayment.

    Underlayment shall comply and be installed in accordance with Section R905.1.1.

    R905.2.4Asphalt shingles.

    Asphalt shingles shall comply with ASTM D3462.

    R905.2.4.1Wind resistance of asphalt shingles.

    Asphalt shingles shall be installed in accordance with Sections R905.2.6 and R905.2.6.1.

    Table R905.2.4.1 Classification of Asphalt Roof Shingles.
    Reserved.

    R905.2.5Fasteners.

    Fasteners for asphalt shingles shall be galvanized steel, stainless steel, aluminum or copper roofing nails, minimum 12-gage [0.105 inch (3 mm)] shank with a minimum 3/8-inch-diameter (9.5 mm) head, complying with ASTM F1667, of a length to penetrate through the roofing materials and not less than 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) into the roof sheathing. Where the roof sheathing is less than 3/4 inch (19.1 mm) thick, the fasteners shall penetrate through the sheathing.

    Exception: If the architectural appearance is to be preserved from below, an alternate method of attachment complying with the wind load requirements of Chapter 16 of the Florida Building Code, Building may be proposed unless otherwise addressed in Chapter 9. The alternative attachment shall be prepared, signed and sealed by a Florida-registered architect or a Florida-registered engineer, which architect or engineer shall be proficient in structural design.

    R905.2.6Attachment.

    Asphalt shingles shall have the minimum number of fasteners required by the manufacturer, but not less than four fasteners per strip shingle or two fasteners per individual shingle. Where the roof slope exceeds 21 units vertical in 12 units horizontal (21:12, 175-percent slope), shingles shall be installed as required by the manufacturer.

    R905.2.6.1Classification of asphalt shingles.

    Asphalt shingles shall be classified in accordance with ASTM D3161, TAS 107 or ASTM D7158 to resist the basic wind speed per Figure R301.2(4). Shingles classified as ASTM D3161 Class D or classified as ASTM D7158 Class G are acceptable for use where Vasd is equal to or less than 100 mph. Shingles classified as ASTM D3161 Class F, TAS 107 or ASTM D7158 Class H are acceptable for use for all wind speeds. Asphalt shingle wrappers shall indicate compliance with one of the required classifications, as shown in Table R905.2.6.1.

    TABLE R905.2.6.1

    CLASSIFICATION OF ASPHALT SHINGLES

    Maximum Basic Wind Speed, Vult, From Figure R301.2(4)Vasd as determined in accordance with Section R301.2.1.3ASTM D7158ASTM D3161
    11085D, G or HD or F
    11690D, G or HD or F
    129100G or HD or F
    142110G or HF
    155120G or HF
    168130HF
    181140HF
    194150HF

    R905.2.7Ice barrier.

    Reserved.

    R905.2.8Flashing.

    Flashing for asphalt shingles shall comply with this section or RAS 111.

    R905.2.8.1Base and counter flashing.

    Base and counter flashing shall be installed as follows:

    1. 1.in accordance with manufacturer’s installation instructions, or

    2. 2.in compliance with RAS 111, or

    3. 3.a continuous metal minimum 4 inch by 4 inch “L” flashing shall be set in approved flashing cement and set flush to base of wall and over the underlayment. Both horizontal and vertical metal flanges shall be fastened 6 inches (152 mm) on center with approved fasteners. All laps shall be a minimum of 4 inches (102 mm) fully sealed in approved flashing cement. Flashing shall start at the lower portion of roof to ensure water-shedding capabilities of all metal laps. The entire edge of the horizontal flange shall be sealed covering all nail penetrations with approved flashing cement and membrane. Shingles shall overlap the horizontal flange and shall be set in approved flashing cement.

    Base flashing shall be of either corrosion-resistant metal provided in Section R905.2.8.1 or mineral surface roll roofing weighing a minimum of 77 pounds per 100 square feet (3.76 kg/m2). Counter flashing shall be corrosion-resistant metal with a minimum thickness provided in Table R903.2.1.

    R905.2.8.2Valleys.

    Valley linings shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions before applying shingles. Valley linings of the following types shall be permitted:

    1. 1.For open valleys (valley lining exposed) lined with metal, the valley lining shall be not less than 16 inches (406 mm) wide and of any of the corrosion-resistant metals in Table R903.2.1.

    2. 2.For open valleys, valley lining of two plies of mineral-surfaced roll roofing, complying with ASTM D3909 or ASTM D6380 Class M, shall be permitted. The bottom layer shall be 18 inches (457 mm) and the top layer not less than 36 inches (914 mm) wide.

    3. 3.For closed valleys (valley covered with shingles), valley lining of one ply of smooth roll roofing complying with ASTM D6380 Class S and not less than 36 inches wide (914 mm) or valley lining as described in Item 1 or 2 shall be permitted. Self-adhering polymer modified bitumen underlayment complying with ASTM D1970 shall be permitted in lieu of the lining material.

    Table R905.2.8.2 Valley Lining Material.
    Reserved.

    R905.2.8.3Sidewall flashing.

    Flashing against a vertical sidewall shall be by the step-flashing method or continous “L” flashing method.

    R905.2.8.4Other flashing.

    Flashing against a vertical front wall, as well as soil stack, vent pipe and chimney flashing, shall be applied in accordance with the asphalt shingle manufacturer’s printed instructions.

    R905.2.8.5Drip edge.

    Provide drip edge at eaves and gables of shingle roofs. Overlap to be a minimum of 3 inches (76 mm). Eave drip edges shall extend 1/2 inch (13 mm) below sheathing and extend back on the roof a minimum of 2 inches (51 mm). Drip edge at eaves shall be permitted to be installed either over or under the underlayment. If installed over the underlayment, there shall be a minimum 4 inch (51 mm) width of roof cement installed over the drip edge flange. Drip edge shall be mechanically fastened a maximum of 12 inches (305 mm) on center. Where the Vasd as determined in accordance with Section R301.2.1.3 is 110 mph (177 km/h) or greater or the mean roof height exceeds 33 feet (10 058 mm), drip edges shall be mechanically fastened a maximum of 4 inches (102 mm) on center.

    R905.3Clay and concrete tile.

    The installation of clay and concrete tile shall be in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions, or recommendations of FRSA/TRI Florida High Wind Concrete and Clay Roof Tile Installation Manual, Fifth Edition where the Vasd is determined in accordance with Section R301.2.1.3 or the recommendations of RAS 118, 119 or 120.

    R905.3.1Deck requirements.

    Concrete and clay tile shall be installed only over solid sheathing, except where the roof covering is specifically designed and tested in accordance with Chapter 16, Florida Building Code, Building to be applied over spaced structural sheathing boards.

    R905.3.2Deck slope.

    Clay and concrete roof tile shall be installed on roof slopes in accordance with the recommendations of FRSA/TRI Florida High Wind Concrete and Clay Roof Tile Installation Manual, Fifth Edition where the Vasd is determined in accordance with Section R301.2.1.3 or the recommendations of RAS 118, 119 or 120.

    R905.3.3Underlayment.

    Required underlayment shall comply with the underlayment manufacturer’s installation instructions in accordance with the FRSA/TRI Florida High Wind Concrete and Clay Roof Tile Installation Manual, Fifth Edition where the Vasd is determined in accordance with Section R301.2.1.3 or the recommendations of RAS 118, 119 or 120.

    R905.3.3.1Slope and underlayment requirements.

    Refer to manufacturer’s installation instructions, FRSA/TRI Florida High Wind Concrete and Clay Roof Tile Installation Manual, Fifth Edition where the Vasd is determined in accordance with Section R301.2.1.3 or RAS 118, 119 or 120 for underlayment and slope requirements for specific roof tile systems.

    R905.3.4Clay tile.

    Clay roof tile shall comply with ASTM C1167.

    R905.3.5Concrete tile.

    Concrete roof tile shall comply with ASTM C1492.

    R905.3.6Fasteners.

    Nails shall be corrosion resistant and not less than 11 gage, 5/16-inch (11 mm) head, and of sufficient length to penetrate the deck not less than 3/4 inch (19 mm) or through the thickness of the deck, whichever is less or in accordance with the FRSA/TRI Florida High Wind Concrete and Clay Roof Tile Installation Manual, Fifth Edition where the Vasd is determined in accordance with Section R301.2.1.3 or in accordance with the recommendations of RAS 118, 119 or 120. Attaching wire for clay or concrete tile shall not be smaller than 0.083 inch (2.1 mm).

    R905.3.7Application.

    Tile shall be applied in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s installation instructions, recommendations of the FRSA/TRI Florida High Wind Concrete and Clay Roof Tile Installation Manual, Fifth Edition or the recommendations of RAS 118, 119 or 120.

    Table R905.3.7 Clay and Concrete Tile Attachment.
    Reserved.

    R905.3.7.1Hip and ridge tiles.

    Hip and ridge tiles shall be installed in accordance with FRSA/TRI Florida High Wind Concrete and Clay Roof Tile Installation Manual, Fifth Edition where the Vasd is determined in accordance with Section R301.2.1.3 or the recommendations of RAS 118, 119 or 120.

    R905.3.8Flashing.

    At the juncture of roof vertical surfaces, flashing and counterflashing shall be provided in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s installation instructions, recommendations of the FRSA/TRI Florida High Wind Concrete and Clay Roof Tile Installation Manual, Fifth Edition where the Vasd is determined in accordance with Section R301.2.1.3 or the recommendations of RAS 111, 118, 119 or 120.

    R905.4Metal roof shingles.

    The installation of metal roof shingles shall comply with the provisions of this section. Metal roofing shingles shall be factory or field manufactured in accordance with the manufacturers’ product approval specifications and limitations of use. Metal roofing shingles shall be factory or field manufactured under a quality assurance program that is audited by a third-party quality assurance entity approved by the Florida Building Commission for that purpose.

    R905.4.1Deck requirements.

    Metal roof shingles shall be applied to a solid or closely fitted deck, except where the roof covering is specifically designed to be applied to spaced sheathing.

    R905.4.2Deck slope.

    Metal roof shingles shall not be installed on roof slopes below three units vertical in 12 units horizontal (25-percent slope).

    R905.4.3Underlayment.

    Underlayment shall comply and be installed in accordance with Section R905.1.1.

    R905.4.3.1Ice barrier.

    Reserved.

    R905.4.4Material standards.

    Metal roof shingle roof coverings shall comply with Table R905.4.4. The materials used for metal roof shingle roof coverings shall be naturally corrosion resistant or be made corrosion resistant in accordance with the standards and minimum thicknesses listed in Table R905.4.4.

    TABLE 905.4.4

    METAL ROOF COVERINGS

    ROOF COVERING TYPESTANDARDSTANDARD APPLICATION RATE/THICKNESS
    AluminumASTM B2090.024-inch minimum thickness for roll-formed panels and 0.019-inch minimum thickness for press-formed shingles
    Aluminum-zinc coated steelASTM A7920.013-inch minimum thickness, AZ 50 (coated minimum application rate)
    Cold-rolled copperASTM B370Minimum 16 oz./sq. ft. and 12 oz./sq. ft. high yield copper for metal-sheet roof covering systems: 12 oz./sq. ft. for preformed metal shingle systems
    CopperASTM B37016 oz./sq. ft. for metal-sheet roof-covering systems; 12 oz./sq. ft. for preformed metal shingle systems.
    Galvanized steelASTM A6530.013-inch minimum thickness, G-90 zinc-coateda
    Hard lead2 lbs./sq. ft.
    Lead-coated copperASTM B101
    Prepainted steelASTM A7550.0142 inch minimum thickness
    Soft lead3 lbs./sq. ft.
    Stainless steelASTM A240300 Series alloys
    SteelASTM A924/ASTM A924M
    Terne and terne-coated stainlessTerne coating of 40 lbs. per double base box, field painted where applicable in accordance with manufacturer’s installation instructions
    Zinc0.027 inch minimum thickness; 99.995% electrolytic high grade zinc with alloy additives of copper (0.08% – 0.20%), titanium (0.07% – 0.12%) and aluminum (0.015%)

    For SI: 1 ounce per square foot = 0.0026 kg/m2, 1 pound per square foot = 4.882 kg/m2, 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 pound = 0.454 kg.

    1. a.For Group U buildings, the minimum coating thickness for ASTM A653 galvanized steel roofing shall be G-60.

    R905.4.5Application.

    Metal roof shingles shall be installed in accordance with the approved manufacturer’s installation instructions. The product approval shall state the allowable uplift resistance for the attachment system. The installation of metal roof shingles shall be limited to roofs where the allowable uplift resistance is equal to or greater than the design uplift pressure for the roof listed in Table R301.2(2).

    R905.4.6Flashing.

    Roof valley flashing shall be of corrosion-resistant metal of the same material as the roof covering or shall comply with the standards in Table R905.4.4. Valley flashing shall extend not less than 8 inches (203 mm) from the centerline each way and shall have a splash diverter rib not less than 3/4 inch (19 mm) in height at the flow line formed as part of the flashing. Sections of flashing shall have an end lap of not less than 4 inches (102 mm). The metal valley flashing shall have a 36-inch-wide (914 mm) underlayment directly under it consisting of one layer of underlayment running the full length of the valley, in addition to underlayment required for metal roof shingles.

    R905.5Mineral-surfaced roll roofing.

    The installation of mineral-surfaced roll roofing shall comply with this section.

    R905.5.1Deck requirements.

    Mineral-surfaced roll roofing shall be fastened to solidly sheathed roofs.

    R905.5.2Deck slope.

    Mineral-surfaced roll roofing shall not be applied on roof slopes below one unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (8-percent slope).

    R905.5.3Underlayment.

    Underlayment shall comply and be installed in accordance with Section R905.1.1.

    R905.5.3.1Ice barrier.

    Reserved.

    R905.5.4Material standards.

    Mineral-surfaced roll roofing shall conform to ASTM D3909 or ASTM D6380, Class M or Class WS.

    R905.5.5Application.

    Mineral-surfaced roll roofing shall be installed in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s instructions.

    R905.6Slate and slate-type shingles.

    The installation of slate and slate-type shingles shall comply with the provisions of this section.

    R905.6.1Deck requirements.

    Slate shingles shall be fastened to solidly sheathed roofs.

    R905.6.2Deck slope.

    Slate shingles shall be used only on slopes of four units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33-percent slope) or greater.

    R905.6.3Underlayment.

    Underlayment shall comply with Section R905.1.1. Underlayment shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions.

    R905.6.3.1Ice barrier.

    Reserved.

    R905.6.4Material standards.

    Slate shingles shall comply with ASTM C406.

    R905.6.5Application.

    Minimum headlap for slate shingles shall be in accordance with Table R905.6.5. Slate shingles shall be secured to the roof with two fasteners per slate. Slate shingles shall be installed in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s instructions. The product approval shall state the allowable uplift resistance for the attachment system. The installation of slate and slatetype shingles shall be limited to roofs where the allowable uplift resistance is equal to or greater than the design uplift pressure for the roof listed in Table R301.2(2).

    TABLE R905.6.5

    SLATE SHINGLE HEADLAP

    SLOPEHEADLAP (inches)
    4:12 = slope < 8:124
    8:12 = slope < 20:123
    Slope = 20:122

    For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

    R905.6.6Flashing.

    Flashing and counterflashing shall be made with sheet metal. Valley flashing shall be a minimum of 16 inches (406 mm) wide. Valley and flashing metal shall be a minimum thickness as provided in Table R903.2.1 for nonferrous metal or stainless steel. Chimneys, stucco or brick walls shall have not less than two plies of felt for a cap flashing consisting of a 4-inch-wide (102 mm) strip of felt set in plastic cement and extending 1 inch (25 mm) above the first felt and a top coating of plastic cement. The felt shall extend over the base flashing 2 inches (51 mm).

    R905.6.7

    Slate and slate-type shingles shall be installed in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s installation instructions. The product approval shall state the allowable uplift resistance for the attachment system. The installation of slate and slate-type shingles shall be limited to roofs where the allowable uplift resistance is equal to or greater than the design uplift pressure for the roof listed in Table R301.2(2).

    R905.7Wood shingles.

    All wood shingles shall be installed in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s installation instructions, the Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau New Roof Construction Manual or RAS 130. The product approval shall state the allowable uplift resistance for the attachment system. The installation of wood shingles shall be limited to roofs where the allowable uplift resistance is equal to or greater than the design uplift pressure for the roof listed in Table R301.2(2).

    R905.7.1Deck requirements.

    Reserved.

    R905.7.1.1Solid sheathing required.

    Reserved.

    R905.7.2Deck slope.

    Reserved.

    R905.7.3Underlayment.

    Underlayment shall comply and be installed in accordance with Section R905.1.1.

    R905.7.3.1Ice barrier.

    Reserved.

    R905.7.4Material standards.

    Wood shingles shall be of naturally durable wood and comply with the requirements of Table R905.7.4.

    TABLE R905.7.4

    WOOD SHINGLE MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS

    MATERIALMINIMUM GRADESAPPLICABLE GRADING RULES
    Wood shingles of naturally durable wood1, 2 or 3Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau

    CSSB = Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau.

    R905.7.5Application.

    Reserved.

    Table R905.7.5(1) Wood Shingle Weather Exposure and Roof Slope.
    Reserved.

    Table R905.7.5(2) Nail Requirements for Wood Shakes and Wood Shingles.
    Reserved.

    R905.7.6Valley flashing.

    Reserved.

    R905.7.6.1Fasteners.

    R905.7.6.1.1Nails.

    Fasteners to attach wood shingles shall be Type 304 (Type 316 for coastal areas) stainless steel ring-shank nails with a minimum penetration of 0.75 inch into the sheathing. Each shingle shall be attached with a minimum of two fasteners.

    R905.7.7Label required.

    Each bundle of shingles shall be identified by a label of an approved grading or inspection bureau or agency.

    R905.8Wood shakes.

    All wood shakes shall be installed in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s installation instructions, the Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau New Roof Construction Manual or RAS 130. The product approval shall state the allowable uplift resistance for the attachment system. The installation of wood shakes shall be limited to roofs where the allowable uplift resistance is equal to or greater than the design uplift pressure for the roof listed in Table R301.2(2).

    R905.8.1Deck requirements.

    Reserved.

    R905.8.1.1Solid sheathing required.

    Reserved.

    R905.8.2Deck slope.

    Reserved.

    R905.8.3Underlayment.

    Underlayment shall comply and be installed in accordance with Section R905.1.1.

    R905.8.3.1Ice barrier.

    Reserved.

    R905.8.4 Interlayment.

    Reserved.

    R905.8.5Material standards.

    Wood shakes shall comply with the requirements of Table R905.8.5.

    TABLE R905.8.5

    WOOD SHAKE MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS

    MATERIALMINIMUMGRADESAPPLICABLEGRADING RULES
    Wood shakes of naturally durable wood1Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau
    Tapersawn shakes of naturally durable wood1 or 2Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau
    Preservative-treated shakes and shingles of naturally durable wood1Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau
    Fire-retardant-treated shakes and shingles of naturally durable wood1Cedar Shake and Shingle Bureau
    Preservative-treated tapersawn shakes of Southern pine treated in accordance with AWPA Standard U1 (Commodity Specification A, Use Category 3B and Section 5.6)1 or 2Forest Products Laboratory of the Texas Forest Services

    R905.8.6Application.

    Reserved.

    Table R905.8.6 Wood Shake Weather Exposure and Roof Slope.
    Reserved.

    R905.8.7Shake placement.

    Reserved.

    R905.8.7.1Fasteners.

    R905.8.7.1.1Nails.

    Fasteners to attach wood shakes shall be Type 304 (Type 316 for coastal areas) stainless steel ring-shank nails with a minimum penetration of 0.75 inch into the sheathing. Each shake shall be attached with a minimum of two fasteners.

    R905.8.8Valley flashing.

    Reserved.

    R905.8.9Label required.

    Each bundle of shakes shall be identified by a label of an approved grading or inspection bureau or agency.

    R905.9Built-up roofs.

    The installation of built-up roofs shall comply with the provisions of this section.

    R905.9.1Slope.

    Built-up roofs shall have a design slope of not less than one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) for drainage, except for coal-tar built-up roofs, which shall have a design slope of a minimum one-eighth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (1-percent slope).

    R905.9.2Material standards.

    Built-up roof covering materials shall comply with the standards in Table R905.9.2 or UL 55A.

    TABLE R905.9.2

    BUILT-UP ROOFING MATERIAL STANDARDS

    MATERIAL STANDARDSTANDARD
    Acrylic coatings used in roofingASTM D6083
    Aggregate surfacingASTM D1863
    Asphalt adhesive used in roofingASTM D3747
    Asphalt cements used in roofingASTM D2822; D3019; D4586
    Asphalt-coated glass fiber base sheetASTM D4601
    Asphalt coatings used in roofingASTM D 1227; D2823; D2824; D4479
    Asphalt glass feltASTM D2178
    Asphalt primer used in roofingASTM D41
    Asphalt-saturated and asphalt-coated organic felt base sheetASTM D2626
    Asphalt-saturated organic felt (perforated)ASTM D226
    Asphalt used in roofingASTM D312
    Coal-tar cements used in roofingASTM D4022; D5643
    Coal-tar primer used in roofing, dampproofing and waterproofingASTM D43
    Coal-tar saturated organic feltASTM D227
    Coal-tar used in roofingASTM D450, Type I or II
    Glass mat, coal tarASTM D4990
    Glass mat, venting typeASTM D4897
    Mineral-surfaced inorganic cap sheetASTM D3909
    Thermoplastic fabrics used in roofingASTM D5665; D5726

    R905.9.2.1

    Rosin paper shall be used when the membrane is applied directly to a wood deck or cementitious fiber decks.

    R905.9.3Application.

    Reserved.

    R905.10Metal roof panels.

    The installation of metal roof panels shall comply with the provisions of this section. Metal roofing panels shall be factory or field manufactured in accordance with the manufacturers’ product approval specifications and limitations of use. Metal roofing panels shall be factory or field manufactured under a quality assurance program that is audited by a third-party quality assurance entity approved by the Florida Building Commission for that purpose.

    R905.10.1Deck requirements.

    Metal roof panel roof coverings shall be applied to solid or spaced sheathing, except where the roof covering is specifically designed to be applied to spaced supports.

    R905.10.2Slope.

    Minimum slopes for metal roof panels shall comply with the following:

    1. 1.The minimum slope for lapped, nonsoldered-seam metal roofs without applied lap sealant shall be three units vertical in 12 units horizontal (25-percent slope).

    2. 2.The minimum slope for lapped, nonsoldered-seam metal roofs with applied lap sealant shall be one-half unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (4-percent slope). Lap sealants shall be applied in accordance with the approved manufacturer’s installation instructions.

    3. 3.The minimum slope for standing-seam roof systems shall be one-quarter unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope).

    R905.10.3Material standards.

    Metal-sheet roof covering systems that incorporate supporting structural members shall be designed in accordance with the Florida Building Code, Building. Metal-sheet roof coverings installed over structural decking shall comply with Table R905.4.4. The materials used for metal-sheet roof coverings shall be naturally corrosion resistant or provided with corrosion resistance in accordance with the standards and minimum thicknesses shown in Table R905.4.4.

    Table R905.10.3(1) Metal Roof Covering Standards.
    Reserved.

    Table R905.10.3(2) Minimum Corrosion Resistance.
    Reserved.

    R905.10.4Attachment.

    Metal roof panels shall be secured to the supports in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s installation instructions. In the absence of manufacturer’s installation instructions, the following fasteners shall be used:

    1. 1.Galvanized fasteners shall be used for steel roofs.

    2. 2.Copper, brass, bronze, copper alloy and 300-series stainless steel fasteners shall be used for copper roofs.

    3. 3.Stainless steel fasteners are acceptable for metal roofs.

    4. 4.Aluminum-zinc coated fasteners are acceptable for aluminum-zinc coated roofs.

    R905.10.5Underlayment.

    Underlayment shall comply and be installed in accordance with Section R905.1.1.

    R905.11Modified bitumen roofing.

    The installation of modified bitumen roofing shall comply with the provisions of this section.

    R905.11.1Slope.

    Modified bitumen membrane roofs shall have a design slope of not less than one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) for drainage.

    R905.11.2Material standards.

    Modified bitumen roof coverings shall comply with the standards in Table R905.11.2.

    TABLE R905.11.2

    MODIFIED BITUMEN ROOFING MATERIAL STANDARDS

    MATERIALSTANDARD
    Acrylic coatingASTM D6083
    Asphalt adhesiveASTM D3747
    Asphalt cementASTM D3019
    Asphalt coatingASTM D1227; D2824
    Asphalt primerASTM D41
    Modified bitumen roof membraneASTM D 6162; D6163; D6164; D 6222; D6223;D6298; D6509; CGSB 37-GP-56M

    R905.11.3Application.

    Modified bitumen roofs shall be installed in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s instructions. The approved allowable uplift resistance for the modified bitumen roof shall be equal to or greater than the uplift resistance for the roof based on Table R301.2(2).

    R905.12Thermoset single-ply roofing.

    The installation of thermoset single-ply roofing shall comply with the provisions of this section.

    R905.12.1Slope.

    Thermoset single-ply membrane roofs shall have a design slope of not less than one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) for drainage.

    R905.12.2Material standards.

    Thermoset single-ply roof coverings shall comply with ASTM D4637, ASTM D5019 or CGSB 37-GP-52M.

    R905.12.3Application.

    Thermoset single-ply roofs shall be installed in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s instructions. The approved allowable uplift resistance for the thermoset single-ply membrane roof shall be equal to or greater than the uplift resistance for the roof based on Table R301.2(2).

    R905.13Thermoplastic single-ply roofing.

    The installation of thermoplastic single-ply roofing shall comply with the provisions of this section.

    R905.13.1Slope.

    Thermoplastic single-ply membrane roofs shall have a design slope of not less than one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope).

    R905.13.2Material standards.

    Thermoplastic single-ply roof coverings shall comply with ASTM D4434, ASTM D6754, ASTM D6878 or CGSB CAN/CGSB 37.54.

    R905.13.3Application.

    Thermoplastic single-ply roofs shall be installed in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s instructions. The approved allowable uplift resistance for the thermoplastic single-ply roof shall be equal to or greater than the uplift resistance for the roof based on Table R301.2(2).

    R905.14Sprayed polyurethane foam roofing.

    The installation of sprayed polyurethane foam roofing shall comply with the provisions of this section or incompliance with RAS 109 and 109A.

    R905.14.1Slope.

    Sprayed polyurethane foam roofs shall have a design slope of not less than one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) for drainage.

    R905.14.2Material standards.

    Spray-applied polyurethane foam insulation shall comply with ASTM C1029, Type III or IV or ASTM D7425.

    R905.14.3Application.

    Foamed-in-place roof insulation shall be installed in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s instructions. A liquid-applied protective coating that complies with Table R905.14.3 shall be applied not less than 2 hours nor more than 72 hours following the application of the foam. The approved allowable uplift resistance for the sprayed polyurethane foam roofing shall be equal to or greater than the uplift resistance for the roof based on Table R301.2(2).

    TABLE R905.14.3

    PROTECTIVE COATING MATERIAL STANDARDS

    MATERIALSTANDARD
    Acrylic coatingASTM D6083
    Silicone coatingASTM D6694
    Moisture-cured polyurethane coatingASTM D6947

    R905.14.4Foam plastics.

    Foam plastic materials and installation shall comply with Section R316.

    R905.15Liquid-applied roofing.

    The installation of liquid-applied roofing shall comply with the provisions of this section.

    R905.15.1Slope.

    Liquid-applied roofing shall have a design slope of not less than one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope).

    R905.15.2Material standards.

    Liquid-applied roofing shall comply with ASTM C836, C957, D1227, D3468, D6083, D6694 or D6947.

    R905.15.3Application.

    Liquid-applied roofing shall be installed in accordance with this chapter and the manufacturer’s instructions. The approved allowable uplift resistance for the liquid-applied coatings shall be equal to or greater than the uplift resistance for the roof based on Table R301.2(2).

    R905.16Building-integrated photovoltaic roofing modules/shingles.

    The installation of building-integrated photovoltaic roofing modules/shingles shall comply with the provisions of this section, Section R324 and NFPA 70.

    R905.16.1Deck requirements.

    Reserved.

    R905.16.2Deck slope.

    Reserved.

    R905.16.3Underlayment.

    Underlayment shall comply and be installed in accordance with Section R905.1.1.

    R905.16.4Underlayment application.

    Reserved.

    R905.16.4.1Ice barrier.

    Reserved.

    R905.16.4.2Underlayment and high winds.

    Reserved.

    R905.16.5Material standards.

    Building-integrated photovoltaic roofing modules/shingles shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 1703.

    R905.16.6Attachment.

    Building-integrated photovoltaic roofing modules/shingles shall be attached in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions.

    R905.16.7Wind resistance.

    Building-integrated photovoltaic roofing modules/shingles shall be tested in accordance with procedures and acceptance criteria in ASTM D3161 or TAS 107. Building-integrated photovoltaic roofing modules/shingles shall comply with the classification requirements of Table R905.2.6.1 for the appropriate maximum basic wind speed. Building-integrated photovoltaic roofing modules/shingle packaging shall bear a label to indicate compliance with the procedures in ASTM D3161 or TAS 107 and the required classification from Table R905.2.6.1.

    R905.17Photovoltaic systems.

    Rooftop mounted photovoltaic systems shall be designed in accordance with this section.

    R905.17.1Wind resistance.

    Rooftop mounted photovoltaic systems shall be designed for wind loads for component and cladding in accordance with Chapter 16 of the Florida Building Code, Building using an effective wind area based on the dimensions of a single unit frame.

    R905.17.2Fire classification.

    Rooftop mounted photovoltaic systems shall have the same fire classification as required for the roof assembly by Section R902.

    R905.17.3Installation.

    Rooftop mounted photovoltaic systems shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions.

    R905.17.4Photovoltaic panels and modules.

    Photovoltaic panels and modules mounted on top of a roof shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 1703 and shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions.

    SECTIONR906
    ROOF INSULATION

    R906.1 General.

    The use of above-deck thermal insulation shall be permitted provided such insulation is covered with an approved roof covering and complies with FM 4450 or UL 1256.

    R906.2 Material standards.

    Above-deck thermal insulation board shall comply with the standards in Table R906.2.

    TABLE R906.2

    MATERIAL STANDARDS FOR ROOF INSULATION

    Cellular glass boardASTM C552
    Composite boardsASTM C1289, Type III, IV, V or VI
    Expanded polystyreneASTM C578
    Extruded polystyrene boardASTM C578
    Perlite boardASTM C728
    Polyisocyanurate boardASTM C1289, Type I or II
    Wood fiberboardASTM C208
    Fiber-reinforced gypsum boardASTM C1278
    Glass-faced gypsum boardASTM C1177

    SECTIONR907
    ROOFTOP-MOUNTED PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS

    R907.1 Rooftop-mounted photovoltaic systems.

    Reserved.

    R907.2 Wind resistance.

    Reserved.

    R907.3 Fire classification.

    Reserved.

    R907.4 Installation.

    Reserved.

    R907.5 Photovoltaic panels and modules.

    Reserved.

    SECTIONR908
    EXISTING ROOFING

    R908.1 General.

    Materials and methods of application used for re-covering or replacing an existing roof covering shall comply with the requirements of this chapter.

    Exception: Reroofing shall not be required to meet the minimum design slope requirement of one-quarter unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) in Section R905 for roofs that provide positive roof drainage.

    R908.1.1

    Not more than 25 percent of the total roof area or roof section of any existing building or structure shall be repaired, replaced or recovered in any 12-month period unless the entire existing roofing system or roof section is replaced to conform to the requirements of this code.

    R908.2Structural and construction loads.

    The structural roof components shall be capable of supporting the roof covering system and the material and equipment loads that will be encountered during installation of the roof covering system.

    R908.3Recovering versus replacement.

    New roof coverings shall not be installed without first removing all existing layers of roof coverings where any of the following conditions occur:

    1. 1.Where the existing roof or roof covering is water soaked or has deteriorated to the point that the existing roof or roof covering is not adequate as a base for additional roofing.

    2. 2.Where the existing roof covering is wood shingle or shake, slate, clay, cement or asbestos-cement tile.

    3. 3.Where the existing roof has two or more applications of any type of roof covering.

    4. 4.When blisters exist in any roofing, unless blisters are cut or scraped open and remaining materials secured down before applying additional roofing.

    5. 5.Where the existing roof is to be used for attachment for a new roof system and compliance with the securement provisions of Section R905 cannot be met.

    Exceptions:

    1. 1.Complete and separate roofing systems, such as standing-seam metal roof systems, that are designed to transmit the roof loads directly to the building’s structural system and that do not rely on existing roofs and roof coverings for support, shall not require the removal of existing roof coverings.

    2. 2.Reserved.

    3. 3.The application of new protective coating over existing spray polyurethane foam roofing systems shall be permitted without tear-off of existing roof coverings.

    4. 4.Reserved.

    5. 5.Roof coating. Application of elastomeric and/or maintenance coating systems over existing asphalt shingles shall be in accordance with the shingle manufacturer’s approved installation instructions.

    R908.3.1Roof re-cover.

    Reserved.

    R908.3.1.1Roof re-cover not allowed

    Reserved.

    R908.4Roof re-covering.

    Reserved.

    R908.5Reinstallation of materials.

    Existing slate, clay or cement tile shall be permitted for reinstallation, except that damaged, cracked or broken slate or tile shall not be reinstalled. Any existing flashings, edgings, outlets, vents or similar devices that are a part of the assembly shall be replaced where rusted, damaged or deteriorated. Aggregate surfacing materials shall not be reinstalled.

    R908.6Flashings.

    Flashings shall be reconstructed in accordance with approved manufacturer’s installation instructions or in compliance with RAS 111. Metal flashing to which bituminous materials are to be adhered shall be primed prior to installation.

    R908.7Wind mitigation.

    When a roof covering on an existing site-built single-family residential structure is removed and replaced, the following procedures shall be permitted to be performed by the roofing contractor:

    1. (a)Roof-decking attachment shall be as required by Section R908.7.1.

    2. (b)A secondary water barrier shall be provided as required by Section R908.7.2.

      Exception: Single family residential structures permitted subject to the Florida Building Code are not required to comply with this section.

    R908.7.1Roof decking attachment for site-built singlefamily residential structures.

    For site-built single-family residential structures the fastening shall be in accordance with Section R908.7.1.1 or R908.7.1.2 as appropriate for the existing construction. 8d nails shall be a minimum of 0.113 inch (2.9 mm) in diameter and shall be a minimum of 21/4 inch (57 mm) long to qualify for the provisions of this section for existing nails regardless of head shape or head diameter.

    R908.7.1.1

    Roof decking consisting of sawn lumber or wood planks up to 12 inches wide and secured with at least two nails (minimum size 8d) to each roof framing member it crosses shall be deemed to be sufficiently connected. Sawn lumber or wood plank decking secured with smaller fasteners than 8d nails or with fewer than two nails (minimum size 8d) to each framing member it crosses shall be deemed sufficiently connected if fasteners are added such that two clipped head, round head, or ring shank nails (minimum size 8d) are in place on each framing member it crosses.

    R908.7.1.2

    For roof decking consisting of wood structural panels, fasteners and spacing required in columns 3 and 4 of Table R908.7.1.2 are deemed to comply with the indicated design wind speed range. Wood structural panel connections retrofitted with a two part urethane based closed cell adhesive sprayed onto the joint between the sheathing and framing members are deemed to comply provided testing using the manufacturer’s recommended application on panels connected with 6d smooth shank nails at no more than a 6-inch edge and 12-inch field spacing demonstrate an uplift resistance of a minimum of 200 psf.

    Supplemental fasteners as required by Table R908.7.1.2 shall be ASTM F1667 classification RSRS- 01 ring shank nails with the following minimum dimensions:

    1. 1.0.113-inch nominal shank diameter.

    2. 2.Ring diameter a minimum of 0.012-inch greater than shank diameter.

    3. 3.16 to 20 rings per inch.

    4. 4.A minimum 0.280-inch full round head diameter.

    5. 5.Ring shank to extend a minimum of 11/2 inches from the tip of the nail.

    6. 6.Minimum 21/4 inch nail length.

    TABLE R908.7.1.2

    SUPPLEMENT FASTENERS AT PANEL EDGES AND INTERMEDIATE FRAMING

    EXISTING FASTENERSEXISTING SPACINGVasd 110 MPH OR LESS SUPPLEMENTAL FASTENER SPACING SHALL BE NO GREATER THANVasd GREATER THAN 110 MPH SUPPLEMENTAL FASTENER SPACING SHALL BE NO GREATER THAN
    Staples or 6dAny6 inches o.c.b6 inches o.c.b
    8d clipped head, round head, smooth or ring shank6 inches o.c. or lessNone necessaryNone necessary
    8d clipped head, round head, smooth or ring shankGreater than 6 inches o.c.6 inches o.c.a6 inches o.c.a

    For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm.

    1. a.Maximum spacing determined based on existing fasteners and supplemental fasteners.

    2. b.Maximum spacing determined based on supplemental fasteners only.

    3. c.Vasd shall be determined in accordance with Section 1609.3.1 of the Florida Building Code, Building or Section R301.2.1.3 of the Florida Building Code, Residential.

    R908.7.2Roof secondary water barrier for site-built single family residential structures.

    A secondary water barrier shall be installed using one of the following methods when roof covering is removed and replaced.

    1. 1.In HVHZ regions:

      1. a)All joints in structural panel roof sheathing or decking shall be covered with a minimum 4 inch (102 mm) wide strip of self-adhering polymer modified bitumen tape applied directly to the sheathing or decking. The deck and self-adhering polymer modified bitumen tape shall be covered with one of the underlayment systems approved for the particular roof covering to be applied to the roof.

      2. b)The entire roof deck shall be covered with an approved asphalt impregnated 30# felt underlayment or approved synthetic underlayment installed with nails and tin-tabs in accordance with Section 1518.2, 1518.3 or 1518.4 of the Florida Building Code, Building. (No additional underlayment shall be required over the top of this sheet.) The synthetic underlayment shall be fastened in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.

    2. 2.Outside the High-Velocity Hurricane Zone:

      1. a)Underlayment shall comply with Section R905.1.1 of the Florida Building Code, Residential.

    Exceptions:

    1. 1.Roof slopes < 2:12 having a continuous roof system shall be deemed to comply with Section R908.7.2 requirements for a secondary water barrier.

    2. 2.Clay and concrete tile roof systems installed as required by the Florida Building Code, Residential are deemed to comply with the requirements of Section R908.7.2 for Secondary Water Barriers.

    R908.8

    When a roof covering on an existing site-built-singlefamily residential structure is removed and replaced on a building that is located in the wind-borne debris region as defined in the Florida Building Code, Building and that has an insured value of $300,000 or more or, if the building is uninsured or for which documentation of insured value is not presented, has a just valuation for the structure for purposes of ad valorem taxation of $300,000 or more:

    1. (a)Roof to wall connections shall be improved as required by Section R908.8.1

    2. (b)Mandated retrofits of the roof-to-wall connection shall not be required beyond a 15 percent increase in the cost of re-roofing.

    Exception: Single-family residential structures permitted subject to the Florida Building Code are not required to comply with this section.

    R908.8.1Roof-to-wall connections for site-built singlefamily residential structures.

    Where required by Section R908.8, the intersection of roof framing with the wall below shall provide sufficient resistance to meet the uplift loads specified in Table R908.8.1 either because of existing conditions or through retrofit measures. As an alternative to an engineered design, the prescriptive retrofit solutions provided in Sections R908.8.1.1 through R908.8.1.7 shall be accepted as meeting the mandated roof-to-wall retrofit requirements.

    Exceptions:

    1. 1.Where it can be demonstrated (by code adoption date documentation and permit issuance date) that roof-to-wall connections and/or roof-tofoundation continuous load path requirements were required at the time of original construction.

    2. 2.Roof-to-wall connections shall not be required unless evaluation and installation of connections at gable ends or all corners can be completed for 15 percent of the cost of roof replacement.

    TABLE R908.8.1

    REQUIRED UPLIFT CAPACITIES FOR ROOF-TO-WALL CONNECTIONSa, b (POUNDS PER LINEAR FOOT)

    Ultimate Design Wind Speed, VultRoof Span (feet)Overhangs
    12202428323640
    Within 6 feet of building corner85-69.85-116.42-139.70-162.99-186.27-209.55-232.84-27
    90-82.67-137.78-165.34-192.90-220.45-248.01-275.57-30.3
    100-110.51-184.18-221.01-257.85-294.68-331.52-368.36-37.4
    110-141.27-235.45-282.55-329.64-376.73-423.82-470.91-45.3
    120-174.97-291.62-349.94-408.26-466.59-524.91-583.23-53.9
    130-211.60-352.66-423.19-493.72-564.26-634.79-705.32-63.2
    140-251.15-418.59-502.31-586.02-669.74-753.46-837.18-73.3
    150-293.64-489.40-587.28-685.16-783.04-880.92-978.80-84.2
    170-387.40-645.67-774.81-903.94-1033.08-1162.21-1291.35-108
    Greater than 6 feet from building corner85-39.10-65.17-78.20-91.24-104.27-117.30-130.34-27
    90-48.20-80.33-96.39-112.46-128.52-144.59-160.66-30.3
    100-67.95-113.24-135.89-158.54-181.19-203.84-226.49-37.4
    110-89.78-149.63-179.55-209.48-239.40-269.33-299.25-45.3
    120-113.68-189.47-227.37-265.26-303.16-341.05-378.94-53.9
    130-139.67-232.78-279.34-325.90-372.45-419.01-465.57-63.2
    140-167.74-279.56-335.47-391.38-447.29-503.21-559.12-73.3
    150-197.88-329.80-395.76-461.72-527.68-593.64-659.60-84.2
    170-264.41-440.68-528.81-616.95-705.08-793.22-881.35-108

    For SI: 1 foot = 304.8mm; 1 pound per linear foot = 1.488 kg/m; 1 mile per hour = 0.305 m/s.

    1. a.The uplift loads are pounds per lineal foot of building length. For roof uplift connections multiply by 1.33 for framing spaced 16 inches on center and multiply by 2 for framing spaced 24 inches on center.

    2. b.The uplift loads do not account for the effects of overhangs. The magnitude of the above loads shall be increased by adding the overhang loads found in the table. The overhang loads are also based on framing spaced 12 inches on center. The overhang loads given shall be multiplied by the overhang projection and added to the roof uplift value in the table.

    3. c.For Ultimate Design Wind Speeds, Vult, greater than 170 mph, wind uplift forces shall be determined in accordance with Florida Building Code, Residential Section R301.2.1.1 or ASCE 7.

    4. d.Ultimate Design Wind Speeds determined from Figure 1609.3(1) in the Florida Building Code, Building or Figure R301.2(4) in the Florida Building Code, Residential.

    R908.8.1.1Access for retrofitting roof to wall connections.

    These provisions are not intended to limit the means for gaining access to the structural elements of the roof and wall for the purposes of retrofitting the connection. The retrofit of roof to wall connections can be made by access through the area under the eave, from above through the roof, or from the interior of the house. Methods for above access include removal of roof panels or sections thereof or removal of portions of roof paneling at selected locations large enough for access, viewing, and installing the retrofit connectors and fasteners.

    Where panels or sections are removed, the removed portions shall not be reused. New paneling shall be used and fastened as in new construction.

    Holes shall be deemed adequately repaired if a patch of paneling is installed with no gap greater than 1/2 inch (13 mm) between the patch and the existing sheathing and if the patch is supported using one of the following methods.

    1. a)Solid 11/2-inch lumber shall fully support the patch and shall be secured to the existing sheathing with #8 by 11/4-inch screws spaced a minimum of 3 inches (76 mm) around the perimeter with screws a minimum of 3/4 inch from the near edge of the hole. The patch shall be secured to the lumber with #8 × 11/4-inch-screws spaced on a grid no greater than 6 inches by 6 inches (152 mm × 152 mm) with no fewer than 2 screws.

    2. b)Holes that extend horizontally from roof framing member to adjacent roofing framing member that are less than or equal to 7 inches (178 mm) wide along the slope of the roof shall be supported by a minimum of 2 × 4 lumber whose face is attached to each roofing framing members using a minimum of 2 each 3-inch (76 mm) long fasteners (#8 screws or 10d common nails) connecting the two. The patch shall have attached to its bottom, running horizontally, a minimum 2 × 4 either flat wise or on edge secured with #8 × 11/4 inch screws a maximum of 4 inches (102 mm) on center and no more distant from the end of the added lumber than 3 inches (76 mm). The patch shall be secured with two #8 × 1-11/4-inch screws to each support member.

    R908.8.1.2Partially inaccessible straps.

    Where part of a strap is inaccessible, if the portion of the strap that is observed is fastened in compliance with these requirements, the inaccessible portion of the strap shall be presumed to comply with these requirements.

    R908.8.1.3Prescriptive method for gable roofs on a wood frame wall.

    The anchorage of each of the exposed rafters or truss within 6 feet (1829 mm) of the corner along the exterior wall on each side of each gable end shall be inspected. Wherever a strap is missing or an existing strap has fewer than four fasteners on each end, approved straps, ties or right angle brackets with a minimum uplift capacity of 500 pounds (740 kg) shall be installed that connect each rafter or truss to the top plate below. Adding fasteners to existing straps shall be allowed in lieu of adding a new strap provided the strap is manufactured to accommodate at least 4 fasteners at each end. Wherever access makes it possible (without damage of the wall or soffit finishes), both top plate members shall be connected to the stud below using a stud to plate connector with a minimum uplift capacity of 500 pounds (740 kg). Use of straps that connect directly from the rafter or truss to the wall stud below shall be allowed as an alternate provided the two members align with no more than 11/2 inches (38 mm) offset.

    R908.8.1.4Prescriptive method for gable roofs on a masonry wall.

    The anchorage of each of the exposed rafters or trusses within 6 feet (1829 mm) of the corner along the exterior wall on each side of each gable end shall be inspected. Wherever a strap is missing or an existing strap has fewer than four fasteners on each end, approved straps, ties or right angle gusset brackets with a minimum uplift capacity of 500 pounds (740 kg) shall be installed that connect each rafter or truss to the top plate below or directly to the masonry wall using approved masonry screws of a length and diameter recommended by the manufacturer. In the absence of manufacturer’s recommendations, screws shall provide at least a 21/2-inch (64 mm) embedment into the concrete or masonry. When the straps or right angle gusset brackets are attached to a wood sill plate, the sill plate shall be anchored to the concrete masonry wall below. This anchorage shall be accomplished by installing 1/4- inch diameter masonry screws, each with supplementary 1/4-inch washer, having sufficient length to develop a 21/2-inch (64 mm) embedment into the concrete and masonry. These screws shall be installed within 4 inches (102 mm) of the truss or rafter on both sides of each interior rafter or truss and on the accessible wall side of the gable end truss or rafter.

    R908.8.1.5Prescriptive method for hip roofs on a wood frame wall.

    Unless it is possible to verify through nondestructive inspection or from plans prepared by a design professional that the roof structure is anchored at least as well as outlined below, access shall be provided at a minimum to the hip rafter (commonly known as a “king jack”), to the hip girder and at each corner of the hip roof. The hip rafter (commonly known as a “king jack”), the hip girder and the rafters/trusses adjacent to the hip girder that are not anchored with a strap having at least four fasteners on each end, shall be connected to the top plate below using a strap or a right angle gusset bracket having a minimum uplift capacity of 500 pounds (740 kg). Adding fasteners to existing straps shall be allowed in lieu of adding a new strap provided the strap is manufactured to accommodate at least four fasteners at each end. Wherever access makes it possible (without damage of the wall or soffit finishes), both top plate members shall be connected to the stud below using a stud to plate connector with a minimum uplift capacity of 500 pounds (740 kg). Use of straps that connect directly from the hip rafter, hip girder or adjacent rafters/trusses to the wall stud below shall be allowed as an alternate provided the two members align with no more than 11/2 inch (38 mm) offset.

    R908.8.1.6Prescriptive method for hip roofs on a masonry wall.

    Unless it is possible to verify through nondestructive inspection or from plans prepared by a design professional that the roof structure is anchored at least as well as outlined below, access shall be provided at a minimum to the hip rafter (commonly known as a “king jack”), to the hip girder and at each corner of the hip roof. The hip rafter (commonly known as a “king jack”), the hip girder and the rafters/trusses adjacent to the hip girder that are not anchored with a strap having at least four fasteners on each end, shall be connected to the concrete masonry wall below using approved straps or right angle gusset brackets with a minimum uplift capacity of 500 pounds (740 kg). Adding fasteners to existing straps shall be allowed in lieu of adding a new strap provided the strap is manufactured to accommodate at least four fasteners at each end. The straps or right angle gusset brackets shall be installed such that they connect each rafter or truss to the top plate below or directly to the masonry wall using approved masonry screws of a length and diameter recommended by the manufacturer. In the absence of manufacturer’s recommendations, screws shall provide at least 21/2-inches (64 mm) embedment into the concrete or masonry. When the straps or right angle gusset brackets are attached to a wood sill plate, the sill plate shall be anchored to the concrete masonry wall below. This anchorage shall be accomplished by installing 1/4-inch (6 mm) diameter masonry screws, each with supplementary 1/4-inch (6 mm) washer, with sufficient length to develop a 21/2-inch (64 mm) embedment into the concrete and masonry. These screws shall be installed within 4 inches (102 mm) of the truss or rafter on both sides of each interior rafter or truss and on the accessible wall side of the gable end truss or rafter.

    R908.8.1.7Priorities for mandated roof-to-wall retrofit expenditures.

    Priority shall be given to connecting the exterior corners of roofs to walls where the spans of the roofing members are greatest. For houses with both hip and gable roof ends, the priority shall be to retrofit the gable end roof-to-wall connections unless the width of the hip end is more than 1.5 times greater than the width of the gable end. When considering priorities for houses with both hip and gable roof ends, and the 15 percent of the cost of roof replacement is sufficient to complete all of the prioritized elements pursuant to this section, but is not sufficient to complete all of the non-prioritized elements, then no portion of complete retrofit of the non-prioritized element is required.

    SECTIONR909
    ROOFTOP-MOUNTED
    PHOTOVOLTAIC PANEL SYSTEMS

    R909.1 General.

    Reserved.

    R909.2Structural requirements.

    Reserved.

    R909.3Installation.

    Reserved.