FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS
P2701.1 Quality of fixtures.
Plumbing fixtures, faucets and fixture fittings shall be constructed of approved materials, shall have smooth impervious surfaces, shall be free from defects and concealed fouling surfaces, and shall conform to the standards cited in this code. Plumbing fixtures shall be provided with an adequate supply of potable water to flush and keep the fixtures in a clean and sanitary condition without danger of backflow or cross connection.
PLUMBING FIXTURES, FAUCETS AND FIXTURE FITTINGS
MATERIAL STANDARD Air gap fittings for use with plumbing fixtures, appliances and appurtenances ASME A 112.1.3 Bathtub/whirlpool pressure-sealed doors ASME A 112.19.15 Diverters for faucets with hose spray, anti-syphon type, residential application ASTM A 112.18.1/CSA B125.1 Enameled cast-iron plumbing fixtures ASME A 112.19.1M, CSA B45.2 Floor drains ASME A 112.6.3 Floor-affixed supports for off-the-floor plumbing fixtures for public use ASME A 112.6.1M Framing-affixed supports for off-the-floor water closets with concealed tanks ASME A 112.6.2
Hose connection vacuum breaker ASSE 1052 Hot water dispensers, household storage type, electrical ASSE 1023
Household disposers ASSE 1008 Hydraulic performance for water closets and urinals ASME A 112.19.2/CSA B45.1 Individual automatic compensating valves for individual fixture fittings ASTM A 112.18.1/CSA B125.1 Individual shower control valves anti-scald ASSE 1016, ASME A112.18.1/CSA B125.1 Macerating toilet systems and related components ASME A 112.3.4 , CSA B54.9 Nonvitreous ceramic plumbing fixtures ASME A 112.19.2/CSA B45.1 Plastic bathtub units ANSI Z124.1, ASME A112.19.2/CSA B45.1 Plastic lavatories ANSI Z124.3, CSA B45.5 Plastic shower receptors and shower stall ANSI Z124.2, CSA B45.5 Plastic sinks ANSI Z124.6, CSA B45.5 Plastic water closet bowls and tanks ANSI Z124.4, CSA B45.5 Plumbing fixture fittings ASME A 112.18.1/CSA B125.1 Plumbing fixture waste fittings ASME A 112.18.2/CSA B125.2, ASTM F 409 Porcelain-enameled formed steel plumbing fixtures ASME A 112.19.1/CSA B45.2 Pressurized flushing devices for plumbing fixtures ASSE 1037, CSA B125.3 Specification for copper sheet and strip for building construction ASTM B 370 Stainless steel plumbing fixtures ASME A 112.19.3/CSA B45.4 Suction fittings for use in whirlpool bathtub appliances ASME A 112.19.7 /CSA B45.10 Temperature-actuated, flow reduction valves to individual fixture fittings ASSE 1062 Thermoplastic accessible and replaceable plastic tube and tubular fittings ASTM F 409 Trench drains ASME A 112.6.3 Trim for water closet bowls, tanks and urinals ASME A 112.19.5/CSA B45.15 Vacuum breaker wall hydrant-frost-resistant, automatic-draining type ASSE 1019 Vitreous china plumbing fixtures ASME A 112.19.2/CSA B45.1 Wall-mounted and pedestal-mounted, adjustable and pivoting lavatory and sink carrier systems ASME A 112.19.12 Water closet flush tank fill valves ASSE 1002, CSA B125.3 Whirlpool bathtub appliances ASME A 112.19.7 /CSA B45.10
P2702.1 Plumbing fixtures.
Plumbing fixtures, other than water closets, shall be provided with approved strainers.
Exception: Hub drains and standpipes.
P2702.2 Waste fittings.
Waste fittings shall conform to ASME A112.18.2/CSA B125.2, ASTM F 409 or to one of the standards listed in Table P3002.1(1) for above-ground drainage and vent pipe and fittings.
P2703.1 Minimum size.
Fixture tail pieces shall be not less than 11/2 inches (38 mm) in diameter for sinks, dishwashers, laundry tubs, bathtubs and similar fixtures, and not less than 11/4 inches (32 mm) in diameter for bidets, lavatories and similar fixtures.
ACCESS TO CONNECTIONS
Slip joints shall be made with an approved elastomeric gasket and shall be installed only on the trap outlet, trap inlet and within the trap seal. Fixtures with concealed slip-joint connections shall be provided with an access panel or utility space not less than 12 inches (305 mm) in its smallest dimension or other approved arrangement so as to provide access to the slip connections for inspection and repair.
The installation of fixtures shall conform to the following:
1. Floor-outlet or floor-mounted fixtures shall be secured to the drainage connection and to the floor, where so designed, by screws, bolts, washers, nuts and similar fasteners of copper, brass or other corrosion-resistant material.
2. Wall-hung fixtures shall be rigidly supported so that strain is not transmitted to the plumbing system.
3. Where fixtures come in contact with walls and floors, the contact area shall be water tight.
4. Plumbing fixtures shall be usable.
5. Water closets, lavatories and bidets. A water closet, lavatory or bidet shall not be set closer than 15 inches (381 mm) from its center to any side wall, partition or vanity or closer than 30 inches (762 mm) center-to-center between adjacent fixtures. There shall be a clearance of not less than 21 inches (533 mm) in front of a water closet, lavatory or bidet to any wall, fixture or door.
6. The location of piping, fixtures or equipment shall not interfere with the operation of windows or doors.
8. Integral fixture-fitting mounting surfaces on manufactured plumbing fixtures or plumbing fixtures constructed on site, shall meet the design requirements of ASME A112.19.2/CSA B45.1 or ASME A112.19.3/CSA B45.4.
Waste receptors shall be of an approved type. Plumbing fixtures or other receptors receiving the discharge of indirect waste pipes shall be shaped and have a capacity to prevent splashing or flooding and shall be readily accessible for inspection and cleaning. Waste receptors and standpipes shall be trapped and vented and shall connect to the building drainage system. A removable strainer or basket shall cover the waste outlet of waste receptors. Waste receptors shall be installed in ventilated spaces. Waste receptors shall not be installed in bathrooms, attics, crawl spaces, interstitial spaces above ceilings and below floors or in any inaccessible or unventilated space such as a closet. Ready access shall be provided to waste receptors.
1. Open hub waste receptors shall be permitted in the form of a hub or pipe extending not less than 1 inch (25 mm) above a water-impervious floor, and are not required to have a strainer.
2. Clothes washer standpipes shall not be prohibited in bathrooms.
Standpipes shall extend not less than of 18 inches (457 mm) but not greater than 42 inches (1067 mm) above the trap weir. Access shall be provided to standpipe traps and drains for rodding.
P2706.2.1 Laundry tray connection.
A laundry tray waste line is permitted to connect into a standpipe for the automatic clothes washer drain. The standpipe shall extend not less than 30 inches (762 mm) above the trap weir and shall extend above the flood level rim of the laundry tray. The outlet of the laundry tray shall not be greater than 30 inches (762 mm) horizontal distance from the standpipe trap.
P2706.3 Prohibited waste receptors.
Plumbing fixtures that are used for washing or bathing shall not be used to receive the discharge of indirect waste piping.
1. A kitchen sink trap is acceptable for use as a receptor for a dishwasher.
2. A laundry tray is acceptable for use as a receptor for a clothes washing machine.
P2707.1 Directional fitting required.
Approved directional-type branch fittings shall be installed in fixture tailpieces receiving the discharge from food waste disposal units or dishwashers.
Shower compartments shall have not less than 900 square inches (0.6 m2) of interior cross-sectional area. Shower compartments shall be not less than 30 inches (762 mm) in minimum dimension measured from the finished interior dimension of the shower compartment, exclusive of fixture valves, shower heads, soap dishes, and safety grab bars or rails. The minimum required area and dimension shall be measured from the finished interior dimension at a height equal to the top of the threshold and at a point tangent to its centerline and shall be continued to a height of not less than 70 inches (1778 mm) above the shower drain outlet. Hinged shower doors shall open outward. The wall area above built-in tubs having installed shower heads and in shower compartments shall be constructed in accordance with Section R702.4. Such walls shall form a water-tight joint with each other and with either the tub, receptor or shower floor.
1. Fold-down seats shall be permitted in the shower, provided the required 900-square-inch (0.6 m2) dimension is maintained when the seat is in the folded-up position.
2. Shower compartments having not less than 25 inches (635 mm) in minimum dimension measured from the finished interior dimension of the compartment provided that the shower compartment has a cross-sectional area of not less than 1,300 square inches (0.838 m2).
The shower compartment access and egress opening shall have a clear and unobstructed finished width of not less than 22 inches (559 mm).
P2708.2 Water supply riser.
Water supply risers from the shower valve to the shower head outlet, whether exposed or concealed, shall be attached to the structure using support devices designed for use with the specific piping material or fittings anchored with screws.
P2708.3 Shower control valves.
Individual shower and tub/shower combination valves shall be equipped with control valves of the pressure-balance, thermostatic-mixing or combination pressure-balance/thermostatic-mixing valve types with a high limit stop in accordance with ASSE 1016 or ASME A112.18.1/CSA B125.1. The high limit stop shall be set to limit the water temperature to not greater than 120°F (49°C). In-line thermostatic valves shall not be used for compliance with this section.
P2708.4 Hand showers.
Hand-held showers shall conform to ASME A112.18.1/CSA B125.1. Hand-held showers shall provide backflow protection in accordance with ASME A112.18.1/CSA B125.1 or shall be protected against backflow by a device complying with ASME A112.18.3.
Where a shower receptor has a finished curb threshold, it shall be not less than 1 inch (25 mm) below the sides and back of the receptor. The curb shall be not less than 2 inches (51 mm) and not more than 9 inches (229 mm) deep when measured from the top of the curb to the top of the drain. The finished floor shall slope uniformly toward the drain not less than 1/4 unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) nor more than 1/2 unit vertical per 12 units horizontal (4-percent slope) and floor drains shall be flanged to provide a water-tight joint in the floor.
P2709.2 Lining required.
The adjoining walls and floor framing enclosing on-site built-up shower receptors shall be lined with one of the following materials:
1. Sheet lead;
2. Sheet copper;
4. Hot mopping in accordance with Section P2709.2.3; or
5. Sheet-applied load-bearing, bonded waterproof membranes that comply with ANSI A118.10.
The lining material shall extend not less than 2 inches (51 mm) beyond or around the rough jambs and not less than 2 inches (51 mm) above finished thresholds. Sheet-applied load bearing, bonded waterproof membranes shall be applied in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
P2709.2.1 PVC sheets.
Plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC) sheet shall meet the requirements of ASTM D 4551. Sheets shall be joined by solvent welding in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
P2709.2.2 Chlorinated polyethylene (CPE) sheets.
Nonplasticized chlorinated polyethylene sheet shall meet the requirements of ASTM D 4068. The liner shall be joined in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Shower receptors lined by hot mopping shall be built-up with not less than three layers of standard grade Type 15 asphalt-impregnated roofing felt. The bottom layer shall be fitted to the formed subbase and each succeeding layer thoroughly hot-mopped to that below. All corners shall be carefully fitted and shall be made strong and water tight by folding or lapping, and each corner shall be reinforced with suitable webbing hot-mopped in place. All folds, laps and reinforcing webbing shall extend not less than 4 inches (102 mm) in all directions from the corner and all webbing shall be of approved type and mesh, producing a tensile strength of not less than 50 pounds per inch (893 kg/m) in either direction.
P2709.2.4 Liquid-type, trowel-applied, load-bearing, bonded waterproof materials.
Liquid-type, trowel-applied, load-bearing, bonded waterproof materials shall meet the requirements of ANSI A118.10 and shall be applied in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
Lining materials shall be sloped one-fourth unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) to weep holes in the subdrain by means of a smooth, solidly formed subbase, shall be properly recessed and fastened to approved backing so as not to occupy the space required for the wall covering, and shall not be nailed or perforated at any point less than 1 inch (25.4 mm) above the finished threshold.
Lead and copper linings shall be insulated from conducting substances other than the connecting drain by 15-pound (6.80 kg) asphalt felt or its equivalent. Sheet lead liners shall weigh not less than 4 pounds per square foot (19.5 kg/m2). Sheet copper liners shall weigh not less than 12 ounces per square foot (3.7 kg/m2). Joints in lead and copper pans or liners shall be burned or silver brazed, respectively. Joints in plastic liner materials shall be jointed per the manufacturer’s instructions.
P2709.4 Receptor drains.
An approved flanged drain shall be installed with shower subpans or linings. The flange shall be placed flush with the subbase and be equipped with a clamping ring or other device to make a water-tight connection between the lining and the drain. The flange shall have weep holes into the drain.
P2710.1 Bathtub and shower spaces.
Shower walls shall be finished in accordance with Section R307.2.
P2711.3 Lavatory waste outlets.
Lavatories shall have waste outlets not less than 11/4 inch (32 mm) in diameter. A strainer, pop-up stopper, crossbar or other device shall be provided to restrict the clear opening of the waste outlet.
P2711.4 Movable lavatory systems.
Movable lavatory systems shall comply with ASME A112.19.12.
Water closets shall conform to the water consumption requirements of Section P2903.2 and shall conform to ANSI Z124.4, ASME A112.19.2/CSA B45.1, ASME A112.19.3/CSA B45.4 or CSA B45.5. Water closets shall conform to the hydraulic performance requirements of ASME A112.19.2/CSA B45.1. Water closet tanks shall conform to ANSI Z124.4, ASME A112.19.2/CSA B45.1, ASME A112.19.3/CSA B45.4 or CSA B45.5. Water closets that have an invisible seal and unventilated space or walls that are not thoroughly washed at each discharge shall be prohibited. Water closets that permit backflow of the contents of the bowl into the flush tank shall be prohibited.
P2712.2 Flushing devices required.
Water closets shall be provided with a flush tank, flushometer tank or flushometer valve designed and installed to supply water in sufficient quantity and flow to flush the contents of the fixture, to cleanse the fixture and refill the fixture trap in accordance with ASME A112.19.2/CSA B45.1.
P2712.3 Water supply for flushing devices.
An adequate quantity of water shall be provided to flush and clean the fixture served. The water supply to flushing devices equipped for manual flushing shall be controlled by a float valve or other automatic device designed to refill the tank after each discharge and to completely shut off the water flow to the tank when the tank is filled to operational capacity. Provision shall be made to automatically supply water to the fixture so as to refill the trap after each flushing.
P2712.4 Flush valves in flush tanks.
Flush valve seats in tanks for flushing water closets shall be not less than 1 inch (25 mm) above the flood-level rim of the bowl connected thereto, except an approved water closet and flush tank combination designed so that when the tank is flushed and the fixture is clogged or partially clogged, the flush valve will close tightly so that water will not spill continuously over the rim of the bowl or backflow from the bowl to the tank.
P2712.5 Overflows in flush tanks.
Flush tanks shall be provided with overflows discharging to the water closet connected thereto and such overflow shall be of sufficient size to prevent flooding the tank at the maximum rate at which the tanks are supplied with water according to the manufacturer’s design conditions.
All parts in a flush tank shall be accessible for repair and replacement.
P2712.7 Water closet seats.
Water closets shall be equipped with seats of smooth, nonabsorbent material and shall be properly sized for the water closet bowl type.
P2712.8 Flush tank lining.
Sheet copper used for flush tank linings shall have a weight of not less than 10 ounces per square foot (3 kg/m2).
P2712.9 Electro-hydraulic water closets.
Electro-hydraulic water closets shall conform to ASME A112.19.2/CSA B45.1.
P2713.1 Bathtub waste outlets and overflows.
Bathtubs shall be equipped with a waste outlet and an overflow outlet. The outlets shall be connected to waste tubing or piping not less than 11/2 inches (38 mm) in diameter. The waste outlet shall be equipped with a water-tight stopper.
P2713.2 Bathtub enclosures.
Doors within a bathtub enclosure shall conform to ASME A112.19.15.
P2713.3 Bathtub and whirlpool bathtub valves.
Hot water supplied to bathtubs and whirlpool bathtubs shall be limited to a temperature of not greater than 120°F (49°C) by a water-temperature limiting device that conforms to ASSE 1070 or CSA B125.3, except where such protection is otherwise provided by a combination tub/shower valve in accordance with Section P2708.3.
P2714.1 Sink waste outlets.
Sinks shall be provided with waste outlets not less than 11/2 inches (38 mm) in diameter. A strainer, crossbar or other device shall be provided to restrict the clear opening of the waste outlet.
P2714.2 Movable sink systems.
Movable sink systems shall comply with ASME A112.19.12.
P2715.1 Laundry tub waste outlet.
Each compartment of a laundry tub shall be provided with a waste outlet not less than 11/2 inches (38 mm) in diameter and a strainer or crossbar to restrict the clear opening of the waste outlet.
FOOD WASTE GRINDER
P2716.1 Food waste grinder waste outlets.
Food waste grinders shall be connected to a drain of not less than 11/2 inches (38 mm) in diameter.
P2716.2 Water supply required.
Food waste grinders shall be provided with an adequate supply of water at a sufficient flow rate to ensure proper functioning of the unit.
P2717.1 Protection of water supply.
The water supply for dishwashers shall be protected by an air gap or integral backflow preventer.
P2717.2 Sink and dishwasher.
A sink and dishwasher are permitted to discharge through a single 11/2-inch (38 mm) trap. The discharge pipe from the dishwasher shall be increased to not less than 3/4 inch (19 mm) in diameter and shall be connected with a wye fitting to the sink tailpiece. The dishwasher waste line shall rise and be securely fastened to the underside of the counter before connecting to the sink tailpiece.
P2717.3 Sink, dishwasher and food grinder.
The combined discharge from a sink, dishwasher, and waste grinder is permitted to discharge through a single 11/2-inch (38 mm) trap. The discharge pipe from the dishwasher shall be increased to not less than 3/4 inch (19 mm) in diameter and shall connect with a wye fitting between the discharge of the food-waste grinder and the trap inlet or to the head of the food grinder. The dishwasher waste line shall rise and be securely fastened to the underside of the counter before connecting to the sink tail piece or the food grinder.
CLOTHES WASHING MACHINE
P2718.1 Waste connection.
The discharge from a clothes washing machine shall be through an air break.
P2719.1 Floor drains.
Floor drains shall have waste outlets not less than 2 inches (51 mm) in diameter and a removable strainer. The floor drain shall be constructed so that the drain can be cleaned. Access shall be provided to the drain inlet. Floor drains shall not be located under or have their access restricted by permanently installed appliances.
P2720.1 Access to pump.
Access shall be provided to circulation pumps in accordance with the fixture or pump manufacturer's installation instructions. Where the manufacturer’s instructions do not specify the location and minimum size of field-fabricated access openings, an opening of not less than 12-inches by 12-inches (305 mm by 305 mm) shall be installed for access to the circulation pump. Where pumps are located more than 2 feet (610 mm) from the access opening, an opening of not less than 18 inches by 18 inches (457 mm by 457 mm) shall be installed. A door or panel shall be permitted to close the opening. In all cases, the access opening shall be unobstructed and be of the size necessary to permit the removal and replacement of the circulation pump.
P2720.2 Piping drainage.
The circulation pump shall be accessibly located above the crown weir of the trap. The pump drain line shall be properly graded to ensure minimum water retention in the volute after fixture use. The circulation piping shall be installed to be self-draining.
P2720.3 Leak testing.
Leak testing and pump operation shall be performed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
P2720.4 Manufacturer’s instructions.
The product shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
P2721.1 Water supply.
The bidet shall be equipped with either an air-gap-type or vacuum-breaker-type fixture supply fitting.
P2721.2 Bidet water temperature.
The discharge water temperature from a bidet fitting shall be limited to not greater than 110°F (43°C) by a water-temperature-limiting device conforming to ASSE 1070 or CSA B125.3.
Fixture supply valves and faucets shall comply with ASME A112.18.1/CSA B125.1 as listed in Table P2701.1. Faucets and fixture fittings that supply drinking water for human ingestion shall conform to the requirements of NSF 61, Section 9. Flexible water connectors shall conform to the requirements of Section P2905.7.
P2722.2 Hot water.
Fixture fittings and faucets that are supplied with both hot and cold water shall be installed and adjusted so that the left-hand side of the water temperature control represents the flow of hot water when facing the outlet.
P2722.4 Individual pressure-balancing in-line valves for individual fixture fittings.
Where individual pressure-balancing in-line valves for individual fixture fittings are installed, the valves shall comply with ASSE 1066. Such valves shall be installed in an accessible location and shall not be used alone as a substitute for the balanced pressure, thermostatic or combination shower valves required in Section P2708.3.
P2722.5 Water closet personal hygiene devices.
Personal hygiene devices integral to water closets or water closet seats shall conform to the requirements of ASME A112.4.2.
MACERATING TOILET SYSTEMS
Macerating toilet systems shall be installed in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.
The size of the drain from the macerating toilet system shall be not less than 3/4 inch (19 mm) in diameter.
SPECIALTY TEMPERATURE CONTROL DEVICES
P2724.1 Temperature-actuated mixing valves.
Temperature-actuated mixing valves, which are installed to reduce water temperatures to defined limits, shall comply with ASSE 1017. Such valves shall be installed at the hot water source.
P2724.2 Temperature-actuated, flow-reduction devices for individual fixtures.
Temperature-actuated, flow-reduction devices, where installed for individual fixture fittings, shall conform to ASSE 1062. Such valves shall not be used alone as a substitute for the balanced pressure, thermostatic or combination shower valves required for showers in Section P2708.3.