MATERIAL RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND EFFICIENCY
The provisions of this chapter shall govern matters related to building material conservation, resource efficiency and environmental performance.
CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL MANAGEMENT
502.1.1 Storage and handling of materials.
Materials stored and handled onsite during construction phases shall comply with the applicable manufacturer’s printed instructions. Where manufacturer’s printed instructions are not available, approved standards or guidelines shall be followed.
502.1.2 Construction phase moisture control.
Porous or fibrous materials and other materials subject to moisture damage shall be protected from moisture during the construction phase. Material damaged by moisture or that are visibly colonized by fungi either prior to delivery or during the construction phase shall be cleaned and dried or, where damage cannot be corrected by such means, shall be removed and replaced.
CONSTRUCTION WASTE MANAGEMENT
503.1 Construction material and waste management plan.
Not less than 50 percent of nonhazardous construction waste shall be diverted from disposal, except where other percentages are indicated in Table 302.1. A Construction Material and Waste Management Plan shall be developed and implemented to recycle or salvage construction materials and waste. The Construction Material and Waste Management Plan shall comply with all of the following:
1. The location for collection, separation and storage of recyclable construction waste shall be indicated.
2. Materials to be diverted from disposal by efficient usage, recycling, reuse, manufacturer’s reclamation, or salvage for future use, donation or sale shall be specified.
3. The percentage of materials to be diverted shall be specified and shall be calculated by weight or volume, but not both.
4. Receipts or other documentation related to diversion shall be maintained through the course of construction. Where requested by the code official, evidence of diversion shall be provided.
For the purposes of this section, construction materials and waste shall include all materials delivered to the site and intended for installation prior to the issuance of the certificate of occupancy, including related packaging. Construction and waste materials shall not include land-clearing debris, excavated soils and fill and base materials such as, but not limited to, topsoil, sand and gravel. Land-clearing debris shall include trees, stumps, rocks, and vegetation. Excavated soil, fill material and land-clearing debris shall be managed in accordance with Section 406.1.
WASTE MANAGEMENT AND RECYCLING
504.1 Recycling areas for waste generated post certificate of occupancy.
Waste recycling areas for use by building occupants shall be provided in accordance with one of the following:
1. Waste recycling areas shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the jurisdiction’s laws or regulations;
2. Where laws or regulations do not exist or where limited recycling services are available, waste recycling areas shall be designed and constructed to accommodate recyclable materials based on the availability of recycling services; or
3. Where recycling services are not available, waste recycling areas shall be designed and constructed to accommodate the future recycling of materials in accordance with an approved design. The approved design shall meet one of the following:
3.1. The approved waste recycling area design shall be based on analysis of other regional recycling services, laws or regulations.
3.2. The approved waste recycling area shall be designed to meet the needs of the occupancy, facilitate efficient pick-up, and shall be available to occupants and haulers.
504.2 Storage of lamps, batteries and electronics.
Storage space shall be provided for fluorescent lamps, high-intensity discharge (HID) lamps, batteries, electronics, and other discarded items requiring special disposal by the jurisdiction.
505.1 Material selection and properties.
Building materials shall conform to Section 505.2.
1. Electrical, mechanical, plumbing, security and fire detection, and alarm equipment and controls, automatic fire sprinkler systems, elevators and conveying systems shall not be required to comply with Section 505.2.
505.2 Material selection.
Not less than 55 percent of the total building materials used in the project, based on mass, volume or cost, shall comply with Section 505.2.1, 505.2.2, 505.2.3, 505.2.4 or 505.2.5. Where a material complies with more than one section, the material value shall be multiplied by the number of sections that it complies with. The value of total building material mass, volume or cost shall remain constant regardless of whether materials are tabulated in more than one section.
505.2.1 Used materials and components.
Used materials and components shall comply with the provisions for such materials in accordance with the applicable code referenced in Section 102.4 and the applicable requirements of this code.
505.2.2 Recycled content building materials.
Recycled content building materials shall comply with one of the following:
1. Contain not less than 25 percent combined post-consumer and preconsumer recovered material, and shall comply with Section 505.2.3.
2. Contain not less than 50 percent combined post-consumer and preconsumer recovered material.
505.2.3 Recyclable building materials and building components.
Building materials and building components that can be recycled into the same material or another material with a minimum recovery rate of not less than 30 percent through recycling and reprocessing or reuse, or building materials shall be recyclable through an established, nationally available closed loop manufacturer’s take-back program.
505.2.4 Bio-based materials.
Bio-based materials shall be those materials that comply with one or more of the following:
1. The bio-based content is not less than 75 percent as determined by testing in accordance with ASTM D 6866.
2. Wood and wood products used to comply with this section, other than salvaged or reused wood products, shall be labeled in accordance with the SFI Standard, FSC STD-40-004 V2-1 EN, PEFC Council Technical Document or equivalent fiber procurement system. As an alternative to an on-product label, a Certificate of Compliance indicating compliance with the fiber procurement system shall be permitted. Manufacturer’s fiber procurement systems shall be audited by an accredited third-party.
3. The requirements of USDA 7CFR Part 2902.
505.2.5 Indigenous materials.
Indigenous materials or components shall be composed of resources that are recovered, harvested, extracted and manufactured within a 500 mile (800 km) radius of the building site. Where only a portion of a material or product is recovered, harvested, extracted and manufactured within 500 miles (800 km), only that portion shall be included. Where resources are transported by water or rail, the distance to the building site shall be determined by multiplying the distance that the resources are transported by water or rail by 0.25, and adding that number to the distance transported by means other than water or rail.
Exception: Appliance, black light, bug, colored, germicidal, plant, shatter-resistant/shatterproof/shatterprotected, showcase, UV, T-8 and T-12 lamps with a color rendering index of 87 or higher, lamps with RDC bases, and lamps used for special-needs lighting for individuals with exceptional needs.
506.2 Straight fluorescent lamps.
Straight, double-ended fluorescent lamps less than 6 feet (1829 mm) in nominal length and with bi-pin bases shall contain not more than 5 milligrams of mercury per lamp.
Exception: Lamps with a rated lifetime greater than 22,000 hours at 3 hours per start operated on an ANSI reference ballast shall not exceed 8 milligrams of mercury per lamp.
506.3 Compact fluorescent lamps.
Single-ended pin-base and screw-base compact fluorescent lamps shall contain not more than 5 milligrams of mercury per lamp, and shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 1993.
Exception: Lamps rated at 25 watts or greater shall contain not more than 6 milligrams of mercury per lamp.
BUILDING ENVELOPE MOISTURE CONTROL
507.1 Moisture control preventative measures.
Moisture preventative measures shall be inspected in accordance with Sections 902 and 903 for the categories listed in Items 1 through 7. Inspections shall be executed in a method and at a frequency as listed in Table 903.1.
1. Foundation sub-soil drainage system.
2. Foundation waterproofing.
3. Foundation dampproofing.
4. Under slab water vapor protection.
5. Flashings: Windows, exterior doors, skylights, wall flashing and drainage systems.
6. Exterior wall coverings.
7. Roof coverings, roof drainage, and flashings.