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  • CHAPTER9
    FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS

    SECTION901
    GENERAL

    901.1 Scope.

    The provisions of this chapter shall specify where fire protection systems are required and shall apply to the design, installation, inspection, operation, testing and maintenance of all fire protection systems.

    901.2 Construction documents.

    The fire code official shall have the authority to require construction documents and calculations for all fire protection systems and to require permits be issued for the installation, rehabilitation or modification of any fire protection system. Construction documents for fire protection systems shall be submitted for review and approval prior to system installation.

    901.2.1 Statement of compliance.

    Before requesting final approval of the installation, where required by the fire code official, the installing contractor shall furnish a written statement to the fire code official that the subject fire protection system has been installed in accordance with approved plans and has been tested in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications and the appropriate installation standard. Any deviations from the design standards shall be noted and copies of the approvals for such deviations shall be attached to the written statement.

    901.3 Permits.

    Permits shall be required as set forth in Sections 105.6 and 105.7.

    901.4 Installation.

    Fire protection systems shall be maintained in accordance with the original installation standards for that system. Required systems shall be extended, altered or augmented as necessary to maintain and continue protection where the building is altered, remodeled or added to. Alterations to fire protection systems shall be done in accordance with applicable standards.

    901.4.1 Required fire protection systems.

    Fire protection systems required by this code or the International Building Code shall be installed, repaired, operated, tested and maintained in accordance with this code. A fire protection system for which a design option, exception or reduction to the provisions of this code or the International Building Code has been granted shall be considered to be a required system.

    901.4.2 Nonrequired fire protection systems.

    A fire protection system or portion thereof not required by this code or the International Building Code shall be allowed to be furnished for partial or complete protection provided such installed system meets the applicable requirements of this code and the International Building Code.

    901.4.3 Fire areas.

    Where buildings, or portions thereof, are divided into fire areas so as not to exceed the limits established for requiring a fire protection system in accordance with this chapter, such fire areas shall be separated by fire barriers constructed in accordance with Section 707 of the International Building Code or horizontal assemblies constructed in accordance with Section 711 of the International Building Code, or both, having a fire-resistance rating of not less than that determined in accordance with Section 707.3.10 of the International Building Code.

    901.4.4 Additional fire protection systems.

    In occupancies of a hazardous nature, where special hazards exist in addition to the normal hazards of the occupancy, or where the fire code official determines that access for fire apparatus is unduly difficult, the fire code official shall have the authority to require additional safeguards. Such safeguards include, but shall not be limited to, the following: automatic fire detection systems, fire alarm systems, automatic fire-extinguishing systems, standpipe systems, or portable or fixed extinguishers. Fire protection equipment required under this section shall be installed in accordance with this code and the applicable referenced standards.

    901.4.5 Appearance of equipment.

    Any device that has the physical appearance of life safety or fire protection equipment but that does not perform that life safety or fire protection function shall be prohibited.

    901.4.6 Pump and riser room size.

    Where provided, fire pump rooms and automatic sprinkler system riser rooms shall be designed with adequate space for all equipment necessary for the installation, as defined by the manufacturer, with sufficient working space around the stationary equipment. Clearances around equipment to elements of permanent construction, including other installed equipment and appliances, shall be sufficient to allow inspection, service, repair or replacement without removing such elements of permanent construction or disabling the function of a required fire-resistance-rated assembly. Fire pump and automatic sprinkler system riser rooms shall be provided with a door(s) and an unobstructed passageway large enough to allow removal of the largest piece of equipment.

    901.5 Installation acceptance testing.

    Fire detection and alarm systems, fire-extinguishing systems, fire hydrant systems, fire standpipe systems, fire pump systems, private fire service mains and all other fire protection systems and appurtenances thereto shall be subject to acceptance tests as contained in the installation standards and as approved by the fire code official. The fire code official shall be notified before any required acceptance testing.

    901.5.1 Occupancy.

    It shall be unlawful to occupy any portion of a building or structure until the required fire detection, alarm and suppression systems have been tested and approved.

    901.6 Inspection, testing and maintenance.

    Fire detection, alarm, and extinguishing systems, mechanical smoke exhaust systems, and smoke and heat vents shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times, and shall be replaced or repaired where defective. Nonrequired fire protection systems and equipment shall be inspected, tested and maintained or removed.

    901.6.1 Standards.

    Fire protection systems shall be inspected, tested and maintained in accordance with the referenced standards listed in Table 901.6.1.

    TABLE 901.6.1

    FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM MAINTENANCE STANDARDS

    SYSTEMSTANDARD
    Portable fire extinguishersNFPA 10
    Carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing systemNFPA 12
    Halon 1301 fire-extinguishing systemsNFPA 12A
    Dry-chemical extinguishing systemsNFPA 17
    Wet-chemical extinguishing systemsNFPA 17A
    Water-based fire protection systemsNFPA 25
    Fire alarm systemsNFPA 72
    Smoke and heat ventsNFPA 204
    Water-mist systemsNFPA 750
    Clean-agent extinguishing systemsNFPA 2001

    901.6.2 Records.

    Records of all system inspections, tests and maintenance required by the referenced standards shall be maintained.

    901.6.2.1 Records information.

    Initial records shall include the name of the installation contractor, type of components installed, manufacturer of the components, location and number of components installed per floor. Records shall also include the manufacturers’ operation and maintenance instruction manuals. Such records shall be maintained for the life of the installation.

    901.7 Systems out of service.

    Where a required fire protection system is out of service, the fire department and the fire code official shall be notified immediately and, where required by the fire code official, the building shall be either evacuated or an approved fire watch shall be provided for all occupants left unprotected by the shutdown until the fire protection system has been returned to service.

    Where utilized, fire watches shall be provided with not less than one approved means for notification of the fire department and their only duty shall be to perform constant patrols of the protected premises and keep watch for fires.

    901.7.1 Impairment coordinator.

    The building owner shall assign an impairment coordinator to comply with the requirements of this section. In the absence of a specific designee, the owner shall be considered the impairment coordinator.

    901.7.2 Tag required.

    A tag shall be used to indicate that a system, or portion thereof, has been removed from service.

    901.7.3 Placement of tag.

    The tag shall be posted at each fire department connection, system control valve, fire alarm control unit, fire alarm annunciator and fire command center, indicating which system, or part thereof, has been removed from service. The fire code official shall specify where the tag is to be placed.

    901.7.4 Preplanned impairment programs.

    Preplanned impairments shall be authorized by the impairment coordinator. Before authorization is given, a designated individual shall be responsible for verifying that all of the following procedures have been implemented:

    1. 1.The extent and expected duration of the impairment have been determined.

    2. 2.The areas or buildings involved have been inspected and the increased risks determined.

    3. 3.Recommendations have been submitted to management or the building owner/manager.

    4. 4.The fire department has been notified.

    5. 5.The insurance carrier, the alarm company, the building owner/manager and other authorities having jurisdiction have been notified.

    6. 6.The supervisors in the areas to be affected have been notified.

    7. 7.A tag impairment system has been implemented.

    8. 8.Necessary tools and materials have been assembled on the impairment site.

    901.7.5 Emergency impairments.

    Where unplanned impairments occur, appropriate emergency action shall be taken to minimize potential injury and damage. The impairment coordinator shall implement the steps outlined in Section 901.7.4.

    901.7.6 Restoring systems to service.

    When impaired equipment is restored to normal working order, the impairment coordinator shall verify that all of the following procedures have been implemented:

    1. 1.Necessary inspections and tests have been conducted to verify that affected systems are operational.

    2. 2.Supervisors have been advised that protection is restored.

    3. 3.The fire department has been advised that protection is restored.

    4. 4.The building owner/manager, insurance carrier, alarm company and other involved parties have been advised that protection is restored.

    5. 5.The impairment tag has been removed.

    901.8 Removal of or tampering with equipment.

    It shall be unlawful for any person to remove, tamper with or otherwise disturb any fire hydrant, fire detection and alarm system, fire suppression system or other fire appliance required by this code except for the purpose of extinguishing fire, training purposes, recharging or making necessary repairs or where approved by the fire code official.

    901.8.1 Removal of or tampering with appurtenances.

    Locks, gates, doors, barricades, chains, enclosures, signs, tags or seals that have been installed by or at the direction of the fire code official shall not be removed, unlocked, destroyed, tampered with or otherwise vandalized in any manner.

    901.8.2 Removal of existing occupant-use hose lines.

    The fire code official is authorized to permit the removal of existing occupant-use hose lines where all of the following conditions exist:

    1. 1.Installation is not required by this code or the International Building Code.

    2. 2.The hose line would not be utilized by trained personnel or the fire department.

    3. 3.The remaining outlets are compatible with local fire department fittings.

    901.9 Termination of monitoring service.

    For fire alarm systems required to be monitored by this code, notice shall be made to the fire code official whenever alarm monitoring services are terminated. Notice shall be made in writing, to the fire code official by the monitoring service provider being terminated.

    901.10 Recall of fire protection components.

    Any fire protection system component regulated by this code that is the subject of a voluntary or mandatory recall under federal law shall be replaced with approved, listed components in compliance with the referenced standards of this code. The fire code official shall be notified in writing by the building owner when the recalled component parts have been replaced.